Which Battery Type Is Best For An Electric Car? – SlashGear
Nickel-metal-hydride batteries made a short appearance on the market after lead-acid batteries were ruled out as the solution. Because of development and manufacturing costs, as well as their lack of efficiency at high temperatures and short operating distances, they were quickly phased out too. Nickel-metal-hydride batteries are better at fulfilling a supporting role in hybrid cars rather than being the main power plant in electric vehicles. The only advantage of these types of batteries is their durability.
Lithium-sulfur batteries show promise as a better alternative to lithium-ion batteries. The reason why they aren’t mass-produced as of yet is their short lifespan. Horizon states, “The main problem is that current lithium-sulphur (Li-S) batteries cannot be recharged enough times before they fail to make them commercially viable”. However, if a solution can be found, they may quickly replace lithium-ion batteries due to cheaper production costs, more range, and lesser environmental impact.
Solid-state batteries are another alternative to look out for currently in development. Toyota claims to be leading the charge, saying, “We are on track for limited production by 2025”. Solid-state batteries should, on paper, come with none of the disadvantages that current lithium-ion-powered cars have. They’ll be lighter, denser, higher-performing, and have a longer driving range. However, until they officially hit the market, there’s one battery type that’s best for an electric vehicle.
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